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Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2-Prevention, Diet, Risks and Medications

Recognize the symptoms of diabetes type 2 to kill this silent killer. Don’t say ‘”I wish I would have known them earlier”. They are easy to miss. Be safe not sorry.

Synopsis

Diabetes 2 has quietly impacted multiple millions of life across the globe.  It is the most common metabolic disorder. Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation, reports world Health Organization (WHO). It shares major cost from health care if not treated timely. If diagnosed early these deadly symptoms could be prevented. Recognizing the diabetes type 2 symptoms could help improving the quality of life and the healthcare cost.

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Development-of-type-2-diabetes

A long term presence of higher than normal blood glucose in your body results in diabetes 2. When we eat food it is converted to glucose which goes to the bloodstream. The hormone called insulin transports glucose from the bloodstream to cells where it is stored. Glucose is converted to energy when required by the body.

Diabetes is a chronic condition results from having no insulin or less available insulin in the body. The consequence is: glucose is not transferred to cells and remains in the bloodstream. Part of this excess glucose is eliminated by the kidneys as urine.

Cause of Type 2 Diabetes

  • In type 2 diabetes, the cells don’t take glucose because the cells are insensitive to insulin or, in other words they are resistant to insulin.It may be due to impaired insulin secretion, resistance to peripheral actions of insulin, or both.
    • Insulin resistance- cells fail to respond to insulin
    • A combination of excess body weight and lack of exercise
    • Overworking pancreas to make more more insulin to make it because the pancreas can’t produce enough

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Symptoms-of-Diabetes 2

  • Frequent urination
  • Sweet smelling urine
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent hunger
  • Eat more but reduction of body weight
  • Skinny legs with bulky abdomen
  • Fatigue
  • Lower stamina
  • Itchy skin particularly at genital parts
  • Black spots on skin, skin rashes
  • Headache
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Blurred vision
  • Yeast infection
  • Foot pain
  • Fruity smelling breath

Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

Check your diet for nutrition label before you purchase. Run by the glycemic index (GI) to pick the fruits, vegetable and other diet.  Stay on the lower side of GI (<55). Pick and choose organically grown produce. Eat fresh as much as possible. Drink enough purified water.

  • Healthy diet
    • Whole grain
    • High fiber
    • Omega-3 containing food
    • Green leafy vegetables
  • Manage the portion of what you eat
  • Do not overeat
  • Do not skip meals
  • Regular exercise
  • Relieve stress
  • Maintaining your optimal vitamin-d level
  • Avoid high sugar foods and beverages
  • Avoid finely processed food, unhealthy fast foods

Healthy Diet

  • Brown rice
  • Oats
  • Lentils
  • Dalia
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Avocado
  • Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Lean chicken
  • Flax seeds
  • Egg
  • Blueberries
  • Almond
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Almond milk
  • Oats milk
  • Olive oil
  • Whole grain bread with nuts
  • Nut butter
  • Cottage cheese
  • Vitamin-d containing food (1)

What not to Eat

  • Processed flour
  • White rice
  • Red meat
  • Sugary drink
  • Sugary fruit juice
  • Pasta made with refined flour
  • Bagels
  • White breads
  • Limit on potatoes
  • Sweet berries
  • Fried snacks (Potato chips, fried vegetable sticks)
  • French fries
  • Avoid smoking
  • Limit on wine intake
  • Fast foods

Risks of not being treated

If you are having diabetes and not being diagnosed you may be suffering from 

  • Damaged blood vessels
  • Damage to eyes and risk glaucoma, cataracts
  • Scratching of eyes
  • Difficult to open eyelids while opening from a sleep
  • Seeing a dark spot in front of the eyes
  • Frequent change of vision power leading to change in your power of your eyeglasses
  • Paralysis eye muscles resulting in blurred vision
  • One may lose eye sight and become blind suddenly
  • Bumps on your back and chest skin
  • Damage to kidneys
  • Damage to nerves-numbness and tingling pain in hands and feet
  • Numbness  or no sensation on feet at night
  • Burning feet
  • Difficult to get up without help from a sitting situation
  • Difficulty while writing
  • Skin infection
  • Diabetes foot pain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Cognitive deficit
  • Hearing loss
  • Gum disease

The above symptoms may result in long term.

Medication

  • Oral medication

Currently, there are nine classes of orally available pharmacological agents to treat Type 2 diabetes

1)  Sulfonylureas

2)  Meglitinides

3)  Metformin (a biguanide)

4)  Thiazolidinediones (TZDs)

5)  Alpha glucosidase inhibitors

6)  Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitors

7)  Bile acid sequestrants

8)  Dopamine agonists

9)  Sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors

  • In addition, glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and amylin can be administered by injection.
  • Medications from these distinct classes of pharmaceutical agents may be used as treatment by themselves (monotherapy) or in a combination of 2 or more drugs from multiple classes with different mechanisms of action
  • A variety of fixed combination of 2 agents are available in the US and in many other countries
  • Weight loss surgery
  • Yoga and Pranayama
  • Accumulating evidence supports that vitamin D may have a potential role in the control of T2DM . It seems to increase insulin sensitivity.

Summary

Power of Glucose in the body is underestimated. Initially some of these symptoms can go unnoticed because of confusion of being tired for diabetes or tired for overworking. It needs strict discipline to manage each of your diabetes friendly meals and exercising regularly.

Do your regular physical checkup and follow your doctors advice. Make sure to get your blood glucose level.

Anusuya Choudhury

8 Comments

  1. I really like your info graphics here. They really help to illustrate the point and understand what’s going on. Not sure I really understand what was going on in diabetes before. 

    I have a few diabetics in my family, so it’s one of the things I always have in the back of my mind when thinking about my own health. Some of the symptoms you list can indicate different things, though, or nothing at all. So what would you say the most important ones are when it comes to Type 2 Diabetes? And how many symptoms should you notice and for how long before you contact a doctor? 

    • Hi Shanna,

      What happens before you are diagnosed with diabetes?

      Diabetes slowly and silently develops over years and the symptoms are confusing to recognize. However,

      frequent urination, 

      frequent hunger, 

      frequent thirst 

       getting tired without any reason

      are few sure indicator of diabetes. If you see these it will help you check your fasting and non fasting blood sugar and HA1c with a doctor.

  2. Hello there, thank you for this very detailed and informative post on the symptoms of diebetes type 2, it’s bo new that in our today world diebetics is a slow and silent killed that has taken millions of life, thus the need to know its symptoms and to take very fast actions against it and thus post had clearly explained in details the required action to be taken.

    thank you so much for this, I hope it meets someone well.

  3. Hello there thanks for this educative review on diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which sugar, or glucose, levels build up in your bloodstream. In type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells aren’t able to respond to insulin as well as they should. In later stages of the disease, your body may also not produce enough insulin. This is such a terrible health issue that anyone could face

  4. Hello there! this is an amazing article you have got here. So sad, my grand dad is currently experiencing some of these symptoms of diabetes which I never knew before now.

    I have already saved this post so I can go over it again and also show it to my dad. Thank you very for sharing this with me, its helpful.

    • Hi there,

      I am glad that you found this post helpful. Millions of people are affected by this disease, all of should know about it. I was naive for a long time as well. This disease could be hereditary. I am happy you will talk to your dad.

      Thank you for your time reading this post and sharing your personal experience.

  5. I am lucky to have found your site. As I was going through the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes, I was amazed at the number of symptoms I had. My doctor had recently ran tests on me and told me that I was on the verge of having Type 2 Diabetes. I refused to listen to him and I have had other symptoms present themselves. I thought most of that was due to heart surgery and another disease I had contracted last year. I may have been wrong. 

    Your article may have saved my life. I have another appointment in a few weeks. I will be paying more attention to what the doctor has to say instead of denying that something like this could happen to me. 

    You were very thorough in you analysis of Type 2 Diabetes. I hope others will find your  article as useful as I did.

    Jerry

    • Hi Jerry,

      I am glad you found this article useful. Diabetes creeps in without our knowledge and distort our important organs like heart, kidney, eye, nervous systems.and more. It is hard to believe what the doctor says and one denies it from inside. But listening and believing is the only way. I personally have gone through this.

      I am not sure if heart surgery can result in diabetes type 2!

      I hope things are all well with you on your upcoming doctor’s visit.

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